Falling accidentally is a trivial matter for young people, but it is very dangerous for old people. Therefore, the elderly should pay more attention to their lives and try to avoid falls.
Here are 4 tips to avoid falls in aging adults.
There is no one best exercise for all elderly people. “Old age” covers 60 to 100 years old, and it is impossible to recommend a set of exercises suitable for all elderly people. Some elderly people who are healthy and have long-term exercise habits can run marathons or participate in competitions. Others may need more comfortable activities, such as walking, gardening, or Tai Chi. If the elderly have leg inconvenience, consider exercising on a chair or bed.
Regardless of age, exercise is to avoid standing still and maintain an active lifestyle. Encourage the elderly to choose their favorite sports. If possible, they can also combine a variety of sports to exercise physical strength, enhance strength and balance.
2. Calcium and vitamin D supplementation
In order to improve bone quality, a balanced diet and enhanced nutrition are indispensable. After all, adequate calcium and vitamin D are the basis for improving bone quality.
The average food of the elderly is less than that of the average person, and all may not reach this average value. Therefore, it is necessary to supplement elemental calcium by taking calcium tablets. If there is still a lack of light, vitamin D needs to be supplemented to promote calcium absorption.
3. Improve the family environment
Keep the daily medicines in a convenient place;
Keep walking aisles dry and free of water stains；
Lay non-slip mats on the bathroom floor;
Handrails in the bathroom and washbasin;
Maintain sufficient indoor light during the day and set up night lights to facilitate the elderly to get up at night;
Do not arbitrarily place the wiring and power strips in the home to prevent the elderly from tripping.
4. Wear comfortable non-slip shoes
Non-slip shoes help prevent falls. Elderly people should try to avoid wearing high-heeled shoes, slippers, cloth shoes, and other shoes that are not conducive to balance and non-slip and have the risk of falling.
Once the elderly fall, do not rush to lift them up and deal with them separately. Most elderly people have osteoporosis, and they are most likely to have fractured after a fall. Elderly people who fall due to intracerebral hemorrhage or subarachnoid hemorrhage, blindly supporting the elderly, may also lead to aggravation of the disease. If the elderly have clear consciousness, they should ask carefully, carefully check the limbs for movement disorders, check the neck, trunk, and limbs in turn, and arrange a suitable position when they can be moved.
The elderly must pay attention after falls. Some elderly people are not sensitive to pain and should pay attention to the degree of pain, blood stasis, and swelling after falls, and seek medical attention in time to avoid serious problems. According to the situation, the elderly will be lifted up or the emergency number will be called immediately. If the elderly are unconscious and have no relevant professional knowledge, do not move them casually, so as not to aggravate the condition, they should call the emergency number immediately.