Depression is a kind of persistent low mood (more than a week), which is manifested as a mental disorder of slow thinking, reduced speech, and movement, feeling uselessness, anorexia, difficulty falling asleep, reluctance to interact with others, irritability, or lack of energy.
From Aristotle and Napoleon to Lincoln and Churchill, countless people have suffered from depression. According to statistics from the World Health Organization, about 350 million people worldwide suffer from depression. More than 1 million people commit suicide due to depression each year, and more than 90% of them have not sought professional help or even know what’s wrong with them.
Now we know that there are three main causes of depression:
Depression caused by heredity is mainly a physiological defect that causes abnormalities in neurotransmitters such as dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine, leading to symptoms such as depression and anxiety.
2. Growth environment and physical defects
Children who grow up in an environment lacking love and children with physical defects are often low self-esteem and pessimistic people. They are prone to self-blame and self-denial due to the influence of negative events, leading to continuous depression. If they are not guided in time, they are more likely to form Depression.
3. External stimulus
External stimuli include events, diseases, and traumas that are closely related to ourselves. When external stimuli bring people sudden and unacceptable stimuli, they will make us immersed in them, making it difficult to extricate ourselves. Often the stronger the stimulus, the more likely it is to bring lasting negative effects, the easier it is to induce depression. When the low mood lasts for more than a week, we need to seek help to get out of the depression as soon as possible.
We have different manifestations of depression at different stages of life:
Teens: Adolescent patients are more likely to suffer from sleep and appetite disturbances than children. They are characterized by increased sleep and weight gain, as well as headaches, tremors, blurred vision, etc. Simple depression in adolescents is rare, and most of them are comorbid disorders, which are related to anxiety Comorbidities are the most common.
Adult: Adults’cognitive development is relatively sound, but they tend to fall into a selective negative cognition. The main manifestations are poor mood, depression, or anxiety, irritability, restlessness; loss of interest in daily activities, loss of pleasure, sadness, and anxiety all day long.
Postpartum depression: Postpartum depression refers to the depressive disorder that occurs after delivery. Its performance is the same as other depressive disorders, depression, anhedonia, sad crying, worrying, timid fear, irritability, loss of self-care and baby care ability in severe cases, pessimistic despair, self-harm, and suicide.
Menopausal depression: Menopausal depression is a common mental disorder that occurs in menopause. It mainly manifests as loss of appetite, upper abdominal discomfort, dry mouth, constipation, diarrhea, palpitations, changes in blood pressure, increased or slowed pulse, chest tightness, numbness, chills, Fever, loss of libido, menstrual changes, sleep disturbance, dizziness, fatigue, etc.
The current methods of treating depression are mainly medication and psychotherapy:
At present, drug therapy is the main method of treating depression. Symptoms can be effectively relieved by taking corresponding drugs, but it may be accompanied by certain side effects, such as poor sleep quality, loss of appetite, headaches, and other symptoms. Generally, patients with major depression should be treated with a combination of medication and psychotherapy.
Because drugs have certain side effects and cannot be taken for a long time, psychotherapy has become a better way to treat depression. Through psychotherapy, unchanging thinking habits can be changed, and patients can be guided to break away from the original state of mind and adapt to society again.
However, psychotherapy is mainly suitable for patients with mild and moderate depression. Patients with severe depression are best to take medication while receiving psychotherapy so that the effect is better.
Among the current psychotherapy methods, the most accepted is cognitive behavioral therapy, which is to guide patients out of the predicament of depression by changing patients’ cognition of events, the world, and interpersonal relationships, and to help patients re-adapt to society.
For mild depression, we can also relieve or cure it through self-treatment
1. Extend the light time
Use light every day to regulate the secretion of internal hormones, especially when the sun is short in winter, turn on more lights, and avoid hiding in dark rooms. Dark rooms are more likely to foster depression.
2. Exercise more
There is a strong connection between people’s physical and psychological states. Especially emotions, it is caused by our cognitive state and the hormone state in the body. When we have a good or bad mood for a thing, the hormone levels in the body will rise and fall accordingly; and when the hormone levels in the body change, our emotional feelings will also become different.
Exercise can regulate the levels of dopamine, endorphins, and norepinephrine in our body, make our mood happy and suppress depression.
3. Avoid excessive stress
Avoid engaging in challenging tasks. When the task cannot be completed, it will bring unpleasant emotional experiences and increase frustration. So try to avoid contact with things that will bring pressure.
You can try to do things that are easy and not frustrating. Don’t do things that are very difficult. As long as you can do simple things, such as watering flowers, cutting vegetables, keeping pets, etc.
4. Communicate with friends and family
Communicate more with friends and family, talk more, when you communicate with others for a long time, you will find that the world is actually very beautiful.
5. Help others
Do more to help others. In the process of helping others, you can reflect on your own value, enhance your self-esteem and sense of accomplishment, and realize the meaning of life.
6. Keep a positive attitude
When facing various negative events, always maintain a positive and optimistic attitude to face it and resolve it. When there is confidence to overcome everything, depression can naturally be overcome.
If your friends and family have mild depression, you can also try the above methods to help him/her overcome depression.
But sometimes you may find that he/she won’t listen to what you say, so don’t do anything at this time, just go for the quiet company, with infinite love, care, and tolerance. When he/she is irritable, anxious, and impulsive, try not to be influenced by him. Tell yourself and him/her that these thoughts are normal, just like fever and sneezing, because he/she is just sick and everything will be fine.